711    Battle of Guadalete: Tariq's Arab-Berbers defeat the Visigoths, initiating a 781 year war for Spain -- Learn More
1333    Battle of Halidon Hill: English defeat the Scots
1510    38 Jews are burned at the stake at Berlin
1525    German Catholic princes form the Dessau League to combat Protestantism
1545    Battle of the Solent: Anglo-French naval action, during which HMS 'Mary Rose' capsizes and sinks
1553    Lady Jane Grey, c. 15-16, is deposed after nine illegal days as England's Queen, later reluctantly executed by the real Queen, Mary I
1588    Sir Francis Drake finishes his game of bowls, in time to go to sea to fight the Spanish Armada
1650    Battle of Edinburgh: David Leslie defeats Oliver Cromwell
1701    Battle of Dunamunde: The Swedes defeat the Saxons
1747    Battle of the Colle dell'Assietta: The Piedmontese defeat the French
1799    French troops building fortifications near Rosetta, on the Nile Delta, find a curious stone
1812    First Battle of Sackett's Harbor: Americans beat off a British attack across Lake Erie
1861    Combat at Parkersville, Mo
1863    Battle of Buffington I/St. Georges Creek, Oh/WVa: Union cavalry defeat John Hunt Moragan's Confederate raiders, but many escape into WVa,
1864    Chinese Imperial troops liberate Nanking from the Tai-ping rebels
1870    Franco-Prussian War begins
1886    'Atlanta' commissioned, first steel cruiser in the USN
1897    Lt Robert E. Peary departs on a year long Arctic Expedition
1898    Action at Havana: US ships & Spanish batteries exchange fire
1918    German armies retreat across the Marne
1918    German 'U-156' sinks the armored cruiser 'San Diego' off Fire Island, NY
1939    RAdm Richard Byrd named commanding officer of the 1939-1941 Antarctic Expedition
1940    Battle of Cape Spada: Australian-British squadron sinks Italian CL 'Colleoni'
1941    Winston Churchill flashes "V for Victory" for the first time
1942    1800 Japanese troops depart Rabaul by ship for Gona.
1942    German occupiers confiscate bicycles in the Netherlands
1943    First Allied air raid on the Eternal City, 500 bombers hit rail yards
1943    Japanese DDs land supplies at Vila, Kula Gulf.
1969    Apollo 11 goes into orbit around the Moon
1979    Marxist Sandinista government installed in Nicaragua

1223    Baibars -- Baibars al-Bunduqdari), Mamluke Sultan of Egypt (1260-1277)
1420    Marquis Guglielmo VIII Paleologo of Monferrato (1464-1483)
1814    Samuel Colt, firearms inventor, d. 1862
1817    Mary Ann Ball "Mother" Bickerdyke, Union relief worker, nurse, and hospital administrator, d. 1901
1823    George Henry Gordon, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1886
1828    Roger Atkinson Pryor, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1919
1833    John Wesley Turner, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1899
1860    Lizzie Borden, who may have given 'her mother forty whacks . . ..', d. 1927
1869    Xenophon Stratigos, aptly named modern Greek general, Balkan & Anatolian wars, d. 1927)
1922    George McGovern, sometime B-24 pilot who earned the DFC over Germany, senator, presidential candidate (1972), d. 2012

514    Pope St Symmachus (498-514)
711    King Roderic of the Visigoths (710-712), kia against the Moors at c. 25
1234    Count Floris IV of Holland (1222-1234), 24, killed in a tournament
1374    Francesco Petrarca -- Petrarch, aged one day less than 70, Italian poet and humanist, pen in hand.
1810    Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 34, Queen Consort of Prussia (1793-1810), by Napoleon's reckoning, "The only man in Prussia"
1824    Emperor Agustin I of Mexico (May 19, 1822-March 19, 1823), 40, excecuted by firing squad after attempting a comeback
1947    Bogyoke Aung San, 32, Burmese soldier & nationalist, and six aides, assassinated; he was the father of Peace Nobelist Aung San Suu Kyi
1965    Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea (1948-1960)