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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
46BC Day 2 of Caesar's Triumph, for the Alexandrian War
0    Feast of the Martyrs of Cordoba, 48 priests and monks decapitate by the Moslems for refusing conversion
1057    Battle of Dunsinane Hill ("The Seven Sleepers"): Earl Siward defeats King MacBeth of Scotland
1214    First Battle of Bouvines: King Philip II of France defeats Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV
1230    Treaty of San Germano: Pope Gregory IX & Emperor Frederick II agree to a [temporary] end to hostilities between Church and Emperor
1298    Albert I, son of Rudolf of Hapsburg, crowned Holy Roman Emperor (1298-1308)
1361    Battle of Visby: Waldemar IV of Denmark defeats the Gotlanders
1365    Princess Isabella of England marries Enguerrand de Coucy at Windsor
1597    Battle of Amiens: Spanish defeat the French
1643    Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough
1689    Battle of Killiecrankie: Viscount Dundee defeats the Scots Jacobites under General Mackay
1778    First Battle of Ushant: British and French fleets fight to a draw
1794    Coup of Thermidor - the fall of Robespierre
1809    Battle of Talavera de la Reina: Wellesley's Anglo-Spanish defeat the French
1813    Battle of Burnt Corn Creek: Red Stick Creek Indians carrying supplies from Spanish Florida defeat an ambush by American militiamen.
1816    Fort Blount, Apalachicola Bay, Fla, attacked by US Troops
1830    Revolution against Charles X breaks out in Paris
1839    Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England
1848    Combat at Cerlungo: Piedmontese defeat the Austrians
1861    Combat at Ft Fillmore, NM: Confederate victory
1861    McClellan replaces McDowell in command of Union forces around Washington
1861    Skirmish at St. Augustine Springs, NM
1864    Battle of Darbytown/Deep Bottom/ Newmarket Road/Strawberry Plains, Va
1870    Lt. Gen Philip Sheridan sails from New York to observe the Franco-Prussian War -- Learn More
1880    Battle of Maiwand; Dr Watson is wounded
1897    Grand Review of the Royal Navy off Spithead marking Queen Victoria?s Diamond Jubilee
1900    Kaiser Wilhelm II tells troops departing to fight the Boxers in China, "When you meet the enemy, you will beat him; you will give no pardon and take no prisoners. Those whom you capture are at your mercy. As the Huns a thousand years ago under King Attila made a name for themselves that has lasted mightily in memory, so may the name 'Germany' be known in China, such that no Chinaman will ever again dare to look askance at a German."
1909    Orville Wright demonstrates a plane for the Army, flying 72 minutes
1919    Chicago race riot: 38 killed (23 blacks & 15 whites) and 537 injured (c. 65% blacks), several blacks, no whites are convicted of riot-related charges
1941    Japanese forces land in Indo-China
1942    Australian forces cling to Deniki, south of Kokoda in Papua, against fierce Japanese pressure.
1943    Battle of the Pips: USN fires 100s of rounds at false radar blips, off Kiska.
1943    China Seas: USS 'Sawfish' (SS-276) sinks two Japanese ships
1943    Japanese DDs 'Ariake' & 'Mikazuki' sunk off New Britain by U.S. Army a/c.
1943    Stalin issues Order No. 227: "Panic makers and cowards must be liquidated on the spot. Not one step backward . . . !"
1944    First British jet fighter enters combat, the Gloster Meteor
1944    Marines clear northern Tinian and begin rebuilding the airfield
1944    Soviets liberate Majanek Concentration Camp
1945    Japan's cities are "bombed" with leaflets demanding surrender
1953    North Korea & UN sign armistice
1954    Armistice divides Vietnam in two
1955    Bulgaria shoots down an Israeli passenger plane, 58 die
1990    Belarus declares independence from the USSR
1995    Korean War Veterans Memorial dedicated in Washington

BORN
1452    Ludovico "il Moro" Sforza, illegitimate son of Francesco Sfroza, Duke of Milan (1494-1499, desposed, restored 1500, again desposed), d. 1508
1612    Ottoman Sultan Murad IV (1623-1640), conqueror of Baghdad
1768    Charlotte Corday, who met Jean Paul Marat in his bathtub, guillotined 1793
1812    Thomas Lanier Clingman, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1897
1824    Alexandre Dumas fils, bon viveur, novelist ("The Lady of the Camillias")d. 1895
1840    Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, US cavalryman, d. 1889
1924    Vincent Canby, US Navy, WW II, drama critic, d. 2000

DIED
1233    Infante Fernando/Ferrand of Portugal, at 45, Count of Flanders (1212-1233), prisoner of the future Louis VIII of France from 1214,
1638    Count Johan VIII de Jongere of Nassau-Siegen, kia at 54
1675    Marshal-General of France Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, 64, cannon balled at Salzbach -- Learn More
1689    John Graham of Claverhouse, 1st Viscount Dundee, 41, Jacobite general, kia at Killiecrankie
1777    Jane McRae, slain by Indians, inflaming frontier New Yorkers against the British
1916    Captain Charles Algernon Fryatt, 44, British merchant mariner, executed by the Germans for ramming a submarine
1970    Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal (1932-68)
1980    Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran (1941-1979), 60, in exile in Egypt
1984    James Mason, conscientious objector, actor ("Rommel"), at 75
2003    Bob Hope, veteran of 60 years of USO shows, at 100