0    United Nations Day
69    2nd Battle of Bedriacum: Primus defeats Vitellius, to make Vespasian Emperor -- Learn More
964    Battle of Rometta: The Fatimids defeat the Byzantines
1147    Besieged since June, Lisbon falls to Afonso I of Portugal
1158    Battle of Orkney: Danes Svein and Erland defeat Earl Harald of Orkney
1401    Battle of Nave: The Visconti defeat the Imperialists
1648    Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)
1793    Revolutionary France introduces a new calendar, based on "scientific reason"
1795    Third Partition: Austria, Prussia, & Russia, obliterate Poland
1806    Fra Diavolo defeated by the French near Sora
1812    Battle of Maloyaroslavits: Prince Eugene seizes the town after hard fighting, but it is abandoned the next day
1871    Los Angeles mob lynches 18 Chinese
1912    Battle of Kirk Kilise: Bulgarians defeat the Turks in Thrace
1912    Battle of Kumanovo: Serbians defeat the Turks in Macedonia
1917    Battle of Caporetto (12th Isonzo): Austro-German Offensive (to Nov 9)
1942    FDR directs that all available ammunition, aircraft, & equipment be provided to forces engaged on Guadalcanal or bound for North Africa, even if it means stripping units elsewhere
1943    Japanese destroyer 'Mochizuki' is sunk by Marine aircraft southwest of Rabaul
1944    Acrimonious confrontation between Rachele Mussolini and Clara Petacci, as Il Duce sheepishly tries to calm things down
1944    Leyte Gulf: despite a desperate attempt to save her, heavily damaged by a Japanese dive bomber, the USS 'Princeton' (CVL-23) has to be sunk
1944    USS 'Tang' (SS-308) is sunk in the Formosa Straits by a malfunctioning torpedo, 70 of 78 crewmen die, 8 are taken prisoner-- Learn More
1945    United Nations Charter becomes effective
1948    Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War"
1956    Soviet troops invade Hungary as Imre Nagy becomes prime minister
1960    Baikonoer: launch pad explosion, 165 die
1973    Yom Kippur War ends as the Arabs agree to an armistice: the Israelis are 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus

51    T. Flavius Domitianus - Roman Emperor Domitian (81-96)
1815    John Edwards, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1894
1856    Henri Philippe Petain, Marshal of France, hero, collaborator, d. 1951
1891    Rafael Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (1930-61), assassinated 1961
1921    Martin James Monti, American airman who deserted to the Nazis, d. 2000 -- Learn More

996    King Hugh Capet of France (987-96), c. 56
1537    Jane Seymour, c. 39, Mrs. Henry VIII No. 3, 12 days after giving birth to Edward VI
1945    Vidkun Quisling, 58, Norwegian politician, executed, leaving us a new word for "traitor"
1972    Jackie Robinson, veteran, ball player, at 53
1975    Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador to France, and his driver Talip Yener, car bomb set by Armenian terrorists, in Paris
2003    Soong May-ling, Mdm. Chaing Kai-shek, at 105