537    Goths besiege Rome, held by Belisarius (relieved Mar 12, 538)
871    Battle of Marton: King Ethelred of Wessex defeats the Danes
1121    Dirk VI becomes count of Holland (1121-1157)
1458    George of Podbrady is elected King of Bohemia (1458-1471)
1476    Battle of Granson: The Swiss defeat the Burgundians
1498    Vasco da Gama's fleet reaches Mozambique
1502    Duke Alfonso I d'Este weds Lucrezia Borgia, and they live happily ever after
1579    Battle of Borgerhout: The Prince of Parma's Spaniards defeat the Dutch
1776    Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
1807    Congress bans the importation of slaves effective Jan 1, 1808
1836    Texas declares independence from Mexico [See Births, 1793]
1855    Accesson of Tsar Alexander II (1855-1881), assassinated
1859    Paddle steamer USS 'Saginaw' commissioned, the first American warship built on the West Coast, at Mare Island
1865    Battle of Waynesborough: Jubal Early's Rebels defeated
1867    Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
1867    First Reconstruction Act passed by Congress
1867    The James gang robs a bank in Savannah, Mo, 1 k
1867    US Navy Civil Engineering Corps founded
1882    Deranged Scot Roderick McClean fires a shot at Queen Victoria outside railway station at Windsor: the eighth and last attempt to assassinate her
1907    General Louis Botha becomes premier of the Transvaal (1907-1910)
1915    Vladimir Jabotinsky forms a militia to defend Jewish settlements in Palestine
1919    Communist International (Comintern) congress opens in the Kremlin
1933    "King Kong" opens in New York
1938    15th Infantry leaves China after 26 years in garrison at Tientsin & Peking.
1938    Stalin initiates the Purges
1939    Eugenio Pacelli chosen Pope as Pius XII (1939-1958), on his birthday
1940    Soviet troops capture Tuppura Island from the Finns
1942    Action South of Java: USS 'Pillsbury' (DD-227) sunk by Japanese heavy cruisers
1942    Philippines: Japanese troops occupy Zamboanga
1943    Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Japanese convoy attacked by USAAF aircraft
1944    Philippines: US troops capture Momote on Los Negros
1945    King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist govt
1945    Philippines: Japanese resistance on Corregidor ends.
1956    Morocco declares independence from France
1962    Coup in Burma initiates an ongoing military regime
1969    Sino-Soviet border clash, c. 70 die

1316    King Robert II "the Steward" of Scots (1371-90)
1383    Count Amadeus VI of Savoy (1343-1383)
1409    Duke John II of Alençon, Count of Perche (1415-1476), comrade to Joan of Arc
1459    Adrian Dedel - Pope Adrian VI (1522-1523)
1481    Franz von Sickingen, knight, adventurer, intriguer, kia 1523
1770    Louis Gabriel Suchet, Marshal of France, d. 1826
1793    Samuel P. Houston, President of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44)
1810    Giacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci - Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903)
1824    Henry Beebee Carrington, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1912
1828    Jefferson Columbus Davis, Brig Gen, U.S., unindicted murderer of Maj.Gen. William "Bull" Nelson, d. 1879
1829    Carl Schurz, "Red '48-er", Maj Gen, U.S., Senator, d. 1906 at 77
1876    Eugenio Pacelli - Pope Pius XII, (1939-58) (see Events)
1904    "Dr. Seuss" - Theodor Seuss Geisel, who fought Nazis with a pen, and amused generations of children, d. 1891
1931    Mikhail Gorbachev, last General Secretary of the CPUSSR (1985-1991) & last President of the USSR (1988-1991), 1990 Peace Nobelist.

254    Pope St Lucius (253-254)
1121    Count Floris II de Vette of Holland (1091-1121), c. 35
1127    Count Charles I "the Good" of Flanders (1119-1127), c. 44, assassinated, later beatified
1333    Wladyslaw I "the Elbow-high" Grand Duke (1306-1320) and King (1320-1333) of Poland, at c. 72
1830    HRE Francis II (1792-1806), Emperor Francis I of Austria (1804-1830), history's only "Double Emperor" (1804-1806), 67, Napoleon's father-in-law
1855    Tsar Nicholai I of Russia (1825-55), 58
1895    Khedive Ismail Pasha of Egypt (1863-79), at 64
1921    Nicholai, Prince (1860-1910) and King of Montenegro (1910-1918), 79, poet, exile, father-in-law to Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
1939    Howard Carter, 64, who found Tut's tomb in 1922. Allegedly dead by an ancient curse, albeit a slow acting one
1987    Randolph Scott, 89, AEF mortarman, actor ("Gung Ho!")