496    Election of Pope Anastasius II (496-498)
642    Consecration of Pope Theodore I (642-649)
1542    Battle of Solway Moss: Sir Oliver Sinclair & Lord Wharton defeat King James V of Scotland
1615    King Louis XIII of France (14) marries Ann of Austria (14)
1861    Skirmish at Lancaster, Mo
1863    Battles of Chattanooga, Columbia, & Lookout Mt begin in Tennessee
1870    Agustin Morales ousts Mariano Melgarejo as dictator of Bolivia
1871    National Rifle Association organized in New York City
1874    Joseph F Glidden receives a patent for barbed wire
1914    Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's Socialist Party
1918    Bela Khun forms the Hungarian Communist Party
1922    Italian parliament gives Mussolini dictatorial powers "for one year"
1936    Polliwog-in-Chief FDR becomes a Shellback, USS 'Indianapolis' (CA-35), 00º 00' N, 37º 00' W
1937    Chinese falsely announce the sinking of the Japanese battleship 'Nagato' by air attack
1941    CNO warns fleet "surprise aggressive movement" by Japan imminent
1943    Operation Galvanic: Escort carrier 'Liscome Bay' (CVE 56) is sunk by submarine off Makin
1944    First B-29 raid from Saipan; 111 bombers hit Tokyo.
1954    France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
1965    Coup installs Gen. Joseph Mobutu as President/Dictator of Congo/Zaire (1965-1996)
1977    The tomb of Philip II of Macedon is discovered near Vergine, Macedonia
1991    US 75th manned space mission, Atlantis 10

1273    Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England, d. 1284
1655    King Charles XI of Sweden (1660-1697)
1713    Fra Junipero Serra, missionary and explorer, d. 1784
1729    Alexander Suvorov, Russian marshal, d. 1800
1784    Zachary Taylor, Maj Gen, U.S., and President (1849-1850) -- Learn More
1829    William Passmore Carlin, Brig Gen, U.S., diarist, d. 1903
1921    John V. Lindsay, naval officer, Mayor of NY (1965-1973), d. 2000

1468    Jean de Dunois, 68 and one day, Bastard of Orleans, illegitimate son of Duke Louis d'Orléans, comrade to Joan of Arc
1647    Taddeo Barberini, Prince of Palestrina, inept general, noted art collector, b. 1603.
1922    Erskine Childers, 52, author ("The Riddle of the Sands"), naval aviator, Irish patriot, executed by the Irish Republic -- Learn More
1929    Georges Clemenceau, Premier of France (1906-09, 1917-20), at 88
1943    RAdm Henry Maston Mullinnix (51), Pearl Harbor hero Doris "Dorie" Miller (24), & c. 600 shipmates, in 'Liscome Bay' (CVE-56)
1963    Lee Harvey Oswald, 24, former marine, assassin of JFK, shot by Jack Ruby