0    Armed Forces Day in Mozambique
233    Triumph of the Emperor Severus Alexander for his victories over the Persians
1066    Battle of Stamford Bridge: Harold II Godwinson of England defeats Harald Haardrada of Norway, then marches south to confront William of Normandy
1143    Election of Guido del Castello as Pope as Celestine II (1143-1144)
1396    Battle of Nicopolis: Sultan Bayazid I defeats the Crusaders
1493    Columbus begins his second voyage to the New World
1526    Battle of Governolo: Italians under Giovanni degli Bande Nere defeat the Imperialists
1555    Peace of Augsburg: truce in Protestant-Catholic tensions in the HRE
1598    Battle of Stangebro: Swedes defeat King Sigismund, ending union with Poland
1839    France recognizes the Republic of Texas
1857    Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram
1861    Combat at Chapmansville, WVa
1861    SecNav Welles authorizes the enlistment of former slaves
1911    French battleship 'Liberte' blows up at Toulon, 226 die
1937    Mussolini visits Berlin
1939    German Luftwaffe fire bombs Warsaw
1940    Vidkun Quisling establishes a a pro-Nazi 'quisling' government in Norway
1942    Australian troops open an offensive along the Kokoda Trail
1957    Little Rock: 300 troops escort nine black students to Central High School
1983    Mass escape of 38 IRA prisoners from a British prison near Belfast
2002    Islamist gunmen kill 7 Christians in Karachi, Pakistan

1657    Imre Thököly, Hungarian patriot, d. 1705
1744    King Frederik Willem II of Prussia (1786-97)
1822    Baron Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1877
1823    Thomas John Wood, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1906
1877    Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), d. 1945
1902    Ayatollah Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini, Iranian religious despot (1979-1789), d. 1989
1906    Dmitri Shostakovich, composer ("The Leningrad Suite"), d. 1975

1066    King Harold II Haardrada of Norway (c. 50), & Tostig Godwinson (c. 40), brother of Harold of England, traitor, kia, Stamford Bridge
1396    Admiral of France Jean de Vienne, c. 55, and hundreds of other crusaders, kia against the Turks
1506    Titular King Philip I "the Handsome" of Spain (1504-06), 28, husband to Queen Regnant Juana "la Loca", father to Carlos I/Charles V
1534    Pope Clement VII - Giulio de'Medici (1523-1534), 56
1639    Ambrogio Spinola Doria, 1st Marquis of the Balbases, c. 60, condottiero, Imperial field marshal
1642    Federico I Colonna, Prince of Butera, Viceroy & Captain General of Catalonia, kia at 41, the siege of Tarragona
1840    Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonald, Marshal of France, 74
1849    Johann Baptist Strauss the Elder, composer ("The Radetzky March"), at 45
1864    Col. George S. Patton III, 33, of wounds leading the 22nd Virginia at Winchester
1900    Elizabeth Van Lew, Union master spy, at 81.
1970    Erich Maria Remarque, 72, Frontsoldat, novelist ("All Quiet on the Western Front")
1983    King Leopold III of Belgium (1934-51), 81, collaborator
1991    Klaus Barbie, Gestapo chief of Lyon, of cancer at 77
2005    Don Adams (Donald James Yarmy), Guadalcanal marine, actor ("Get Smart"), at 82