41    Swayed by the arguments advanced by the Praetorian Guard, the Roman Senate confirms Claudius as Emperor (r. 51-54)
1126    Battle of Marj-es-Safar: The Kingdom of Jerusalem defeats the Damascans
1139    Godfried II "the Young" becomes Count of Leuven & Landgrave of Brabant (1139-1142)
1153    King Baldwin III of Jerusalem attacks Ascalon
1327    Edward II of England (1307-1327) is deposed in favor of his son, Edward III (1327-1377)
1401    Tamerlane captures Damascus by treachery.
1494    Accession of Alfonso II as King of Naples (Jan 25, 1494-Jan 1495), abdicates
1497    Giovanni Borgia abandons the siege of the Orisini stronghold at Bracciano
1504    England's parliament limits the size of nobles' entourages, to curb private warfare.
1554    Sir Thomas Wyatt raises Kent against "Bloody" Mary
1787    Capt Dan Shays' Rebels fail to capture the arsenal at Springfield, Mass
1802    Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of the Cisalpine Republic
1856    Battle of Seattle: US Sailors, marines, & settlers beat off Indian attack
1865    CSS 'Shenandoah' arrives in Melbourne, Australia
1887    Battle of Saati: Italians defeat the Tigrinos
1916    Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
1940    Nazis decree the establishment of a Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland
1942    Bataan: Fil-American troops complete withdrawal to secondary positions
1942    U.S. carriers 'Yorktown' (CV-5) & 'Enterprise' (CV-6) depart Samoa to raid the Gilberts & Marshalls on Feb 1st
1943    Guadalcanal: Japanese in full retreat, closely pursued by U.S. forces.
1943    Italian blockade runner 'Orseolo' departs Kobe for Bordeaux
1943    Papua: 41st Div relieves the 32nd & 7th Australian Divs.
1944    Allied air raid on Japanese at Rabaul, destruction of 83 enemy aircraft.
1944    Burma: bulk of Chinese New 22nd Div begins supporting the New 38th Div.
1945    Audie Murphy earns the Medal of Honor
1945    B-29s begin mining off Singapore, Saigon, Camranh Bay, and Penang.
1945    Burma: British 82nd West African Division occupies Myohaung
1951    UN begins counter offensive in Korea
1961    Military coup in El Salvador
1969    US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris
1971    Coup ousts Milton Obote as President of Uganda & installs Idi Amin (1971-1979).
1980    Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft
1981    Jiang Qing, Mao's widow, is tried for treason and sentenced to death, which is commuted to life
1983    Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia; convicted in France, he dies in prison in 1991
2014    Maniac opens fire at a Mall in Columbia, Maryland, killing two and wounding five before killing himself

749    Byzantine Emperor Leo IV "the Khazar" (775-780)
1739    Charles François Dumouriez, French Revolutionary general, co-victor of Valmy, counter-revolutionary, d. 1823
1759    Robert Burns, militiaman, poet, d. 1796 -- Learn More
1825    George Pickett, Maj. Gen., CSA, d. 1875
1839    Seldon Connor, Brig. Gen., U.S.V., d. 1917
1841    Admiral of the Fleet John Arbuthnot "Jackie" Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher of Kilverstone, d. 1920 -- Learn More
1881    Emil Ludwig, biographer ("Napoleon"), d. 1948
1933    Maria Corazon "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino, President of the Philippines (1986-1992), d. 2009

41    Praetorian Prefect Cassius Chaerea, assassin of Caligula, executed by Claudius
98    Roman Emperor Marcus Cocceius Nerva (Sept 18, 96-Jan 27, 98), of a stroke at 67
275    Roman Emperor Aurelian (270-275), c. 60, murdered [Alt]
477    King Gaiseric of the Vandals and Alans (428-477), at c. 80
708    Pope Sisinnius (15 Jan-4 Feb 708)
844    Pope Gregory IV (827-844)
1138    Anti-Pope "Anacletus II" - Pietro Pierleone (1130-38)
1139    Godfried I "the Bearded" , Count of Brussels and Leuven, Landgrave of Brabant (1095-1139), Margrave of Antwerp (1106-1139), and Duke Godfried V/VI of Lower Lorraine (1106-1129), c. 79
1431    Duke Charles II " the Bold" of Lorraine (1390-1431), c. 65, Constable of France (1418-1425)
1494    King Ferrante I of Naples (1458-1494), c. 70
1844    Jean-Baptiste Drouet, comte d'Erlon, Marshal of France, revolutionary who became a Bonapartist then a Bourbonist then an Orleanist, at 78
1906    Joseph Wheeler, Maj. Gen., CSA, Brig. Gen., US, inept in either service, at 69
1972    Erhard Milch, 79, half-Jewish Luftwaffe marshal, who lied about his ancestry, and had Goring's blessing anyway
1990    Ava Gardner, 67, actress ("Bhowani Junction", "The Barefoot Contessa")
2010    Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti, 68, Iraqi general and defense minister, hanged