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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
0    Navy Day, Poland
0    Army and Navy Day in Azerbaijan
1242    Battle of Kuzadagh: The Mongols defeat the Seljuks
1249    Battle of Fossalta: The Bolognese defeat the Modenese
1402    Battle of Casalecchio: Bolognese & Florentines under Giovanni I Bentivoglio of Bologna are defeated by Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, the Malatesta of Rimini, & the Gonzaga of Mantua
1483    Richard III usurps the English throne, stashing Edward V & his brother in the Tower, from which they will never emerge
1707    Marshal Daun's Austrian Army invades Spanish-held Naples
1775    Washington visits NY en route to assume command of the army at Boston.
1794    Battle of Fleurus: French defeat the Austro-English, to secure Belgium
1830    William IV, former naval person, ascends the British throne (1830-1837)
1848    Battle of Castrovillari: The Neapolitan Borbons defeat Sicilian-Calabrese revolutionaries
1857    Indian Mutiny: Cawnpore massacre
1857    Queen Victoria awards the first VCs, decorating 62 veterans of the Crimea in Hyde Park
1861    Skirmish at Patterson's Ford/Kelly's Island, Va
1862    Day 2 of the Seven Days: Battle of Mechanicsville
1898    Action near Santiago: US and Spanish troops skirmish at Sevilla
1898    Action off Santiago: US ships & Spanish batteries exchange fire
1902    Britain establishes the Order of Merit
1917    First American combat troops arrive in France
1924    US Marines leave the Dominican Republic, after 8 years of occupation
1934    Germany and Poland sign a non-aggression pact
1939    Polish anti-aircrft gunners down a German plane that had "strayed" over the Hela Peninsula
1941    Nazi-collaborators in Lithuania massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
1942    NE New Guinea: Australian Kanga Force raids Salamaua
1943    Since Dec 7, 1941, Japan has lost 2 million g.r.t. of shipping
1944    Japanese capture U.S. airbase at Hengyang, China
1963    Berlin: Kennedy's "Ich bin ein Berliner" is wildly applauded
1978    Breton separatists bomb the Palace of Versailles

BORN
1742    Arthur Middleton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, d. 1787
1810    Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, 69, with his brother, co-inventor of the hot air balloon
1819    Abner Doubleday, Maj. Gen, U.S., who didn't invent baseball, d. 1893
1837    Martin Davis Hardin II, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1923
1837    Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey, Brig Gen, C.S.A., kia 1864
1865    Bernard Berenson, Fascist-friendly art critic, d 1959
1898    Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, d. 1978
1898    Lewis "Chesty" Puller, iconic US Marine with 5 awards of the Navy Cross, plus a DSC, d. 1971
1901    Stuart Symington, WW I veteran, first Secretary of the Air Force (1947-1950), liberal politician, d. 1988

DIED
363    Flavius Claudius Julianus -- the Roman Emperor Julian 'the Apostate' (360-363), c. 31, of wounds in action against the Persians
1402    Giovanni I Bentivoglio, Lord of Bologna (1401-1402), kia against the Visconti at Casalecchio.
1541    Francisco Pizarro González, 1st Marqués de los Atabillos, c. 60-65, conquistador, sword in hand fighting his assassins, crying "Jesus!"
1757    Maximilian Ulysses Browne, 51, Irish soldier of fortune, Austrian field marshal and baron of the HRE, d. of wounds
1830    King George IV of Great Britain & Hanover (1820-1830), 67
1836    Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, 75, French army officer during Revolutionary Wars, composer of 'La Marseillaise' -- Learn More
1922    Prince Albert I of Monaco (1889-1922), French naval officer, oceanographer, at 73
1943    Brigadier Claude Nicholson, 44, who held Calais (May 22-26, 1940), in a German P/W camp -- Learn More