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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
593    Ezekiel has a vision, on banks of the River Chebar in the Land of the Chaldeans [Ez 2, 9-10]
30BC Skirmish outside Alexandria: Antony wins a small victory over Octavian, in the last battle of the Roman Civil Wars, but afterwards his troops desert him
904    The Arabs sack Thessalonica
1009    Consecration of Pietro "Bucca Porci" as Pope Sergius IV (1009-1012)
1192    Richard I recaptures Jaffa from Saladin, who had it 17 days
1291    Egyptian Mamlukes take Beirut, end the Latin presence in the Holy Land
1498    Christopher Columbus lands at Trinidad, on his third voyage
1667    Peace of Breda: Second Anglo-Dutch War ends
1760    Seven Year's War: Battle of Warburg: Brits & Hanoverians defeat the French -- Learn More
1777    The Marquis de Lafayette becomes a major-general in the Continental Army
1813    British attack Plattsburgh, NY
1815    Bey of Tunis agrees to compensate U.S. for seizure of ships
1830    Charles X of France is forced to abdicate
1845    French Army bands adopt the recently invented Saxophone
1849    Battle of Segesvár: Russians defeat Hungarian nationalists
1849    Wars of Italian Unification: Garibaldi & his companions gain refuge in San Marino after the fall of the Roman Republic
1865    USN East India Squadron established, origins of Asiatic Fleet
1874    USS 'Intrepid' becomes the first American warship armed with automotive torpedoes
1898    US and Spanish troops skirmish outside Manila
1917    Third battle of Ypres begins (ends Nov. 10th), perhaps 500,000 die or are injured on both sides
1922    General strike in Italy protests Fascist violence
1925    Last Allied occupation forces leave the Rhineland
1932    German Election; Nazis get 37.3% of the vote
1938    Hitler decorates fellow anti-Semite Henry Ford with the "Grand Cross of the Supreme Order of the German Eagle"
1942    Allied air attack forces Japanese Buna-bound convoy back to Rabaul
1942    Australians at Deniki reinforced by another company
1942    British Far Eastern Fleet returns to Colombo from East Africa.
1942    USS 'Essex' (CV-9) is launched at Newport News, the first of a class of 26
1943    Japanese 17th Div begins moving to Rabaul from central China.
1944    British help form an anti-Japanese Burmese government-in-exile.
1970    Parliament abolishes the Royal Navy's 300 year tradition of a daily issue of grog, replacing it with a daily can of beer
1990    Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence from Yugoslavia
1991    George H.W. Bush and Mihail Gorbachev sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
1997    NYC police capture three Islamist terrorists planning subway attacks

BORN
1396    Philippe III "le bon", duc de Bourgogne & Brabant, Count of Limburg (1419-1467), d. 1467
1443    Duke Albrecht III of Saxony-Meisen, d. 1500
1527    Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76)
1803    John Ericsson, inventor, naval architect - USS 'Monitor', d. 1889
1815    Thomas Jackson Rodman, artilleryman, U.S., d. 1871
1816    George Henry "Pap" Thomas, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1870
1817    Philip Cook Jr, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1894
1825    Thomas Hart Taylor, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1901
1837    William Clarke Quantrill, pro-Confederate terrorist, d. 1865
1884    Karl F Goerdeler, German anti-Nazi politician, murdered 1944
1887    George Fleming Moore, sometime Maj. Gen., US, Defender of Bataan, d. 1949

DIED
54BC Aurelia Cotta, 66, mother of G. Julius Caesar.
1358    Étienne Marcel, mayor of Paris, slain attempting to prevent the Royal Army from entering the city
1556    St Ignatius of Loyola, c. 66, sometime soldier, founder of the Jesuits
1602    Charles de Gontaut, le duc de Biron, Marshal of France, beheaded for treason, at 40, in the Bastille
1653    Dutch Adm. Martin Harpertzoon Van Tromp, 54, kia off the Texel
1714    Anne Stuart, 49, Queen of England & Scotland (1702-1707), of Ireland (1702-1714), and of The United Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1714)
1750    King João V the Magnanimous of Portugal (1706-1750), at 62
1849    Sándor Petofi, 26, Hungarian poet and revolutionary, kia
1875    Andrew Johnson, veteran, President (1865-1869), at 66
1914    Jean Jaures, 54, French socialist & pacifist, assassinated.
1944    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, 44, author ("The Little Prince"), aviator, resistance fighter, shot down over the Mediterranean, south of France
1966    Alexander Ernst Alfred Hermann Freiherr von Falkenhausen, 85, German general
1993    King Baudouin of the Belgians (1951-93), at 62
2012    Gore Vidal, 86, author ("Julian"), playwrite, who served in WW II, but didn't think much of it