2008: Sudanese president, and indicted war criminal, Omer Hassan Al-Bashir has
made it clear that he will not cooperate with the International Criminal Court
(ICC). Sudan will not extradite any of increasing number of war criminals the
ICC is seeking. Sudan is playing the "come and get me if you can."
2008: The south Sudan government has denied sending troops to help hunt down
remaining Ugandan LRA rebels in Congo. But the south Sudan borders have been
closed to the LRA, as much as that is possible. Ugandan and Congolese troops in
adjacent Congo are trying to destroy the LRA once and for all.
2008: The tribal fighting in south Darfur has spread. Clashes between the
Falatta and Habaniya tribes involved 500 fighters from the Fallata (likely
reinforced by fighters from the Salamat tribe), who launched an attack on the
Habaniya tribe town of Wad Hajam (which is near the town of Buram). The attack
by the Falatta was retaliation for a Habaniya militia attack on December 4. The
death toll among Sudanese police has now risen to six. There is also
intra-tribal fight among members of the Gimir tribe in south Darfur.
2008: The north-south joint security unit in Abyei has decided to pull out of
Abyei and move to a headquarters north of the town. An official investigation
into the incident is underway.
2008: Another shoot-out erupted in the sensitive Abyei region. This one
involved members of a north-south "joint security unit" – as in the southerners
and northerners firing at one another. One person was killed in the incident
and nine wounded, so this appears to be a rather less-violent incident than
those earlier in the year. That noted, the big lesson here is the obvious:
political attempts to defuse the tension in Abyei aren't succeeding.
2008: Tribal fighting broke out in South Darfur's Buram region. The government
reported at least 15 members of the Falatta and Habaniya tribes died in a clash
over "resources." One tribe was supposedly caught stealing cattle, but clashes
over resources also means fighting over water holes and pasturage. Three
Sudanese policemen also died in the fighting.
2008: The government is reinforcing its troop units in South Kordofan state. Where
they believe Darfur rebel groups intend to launch more attacks into South
Kordofan. Why? Oil fields and oil facilities, which also means foreign workers
whose capture creates headlines. The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM),
however, says that the government is lying. JEM issued a statement that said it
has no intention of attacking South Kordofan. The government points to The
Great Raid on Khartoum engineered last summer by the JEM (who wanted to
demonstrate nation-wide reach and did). The move into South Kordofan has
implications for Sudan's other civil war-- the one between the north and the
south. The Goverment of South Sudan (GOSS) objected to the troop movement and
claimed it violated the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). A spokesman for the Sudan Peoples Liberation
Movement (SPLM, which runs the GOSS) said that the government (Khartoum, as in
the northern government) had put six new battalions into South Kordofan. The
SPLM has its own troops in the region.