0    Feast of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, Patron of Soldiers
82BC Battle of the Colline Gate: Sulla defeats the Populares & Samnites with great slaughter -- Learn More
634    Battle of Ubaid: Persians defeat the Moslem Arabs
1318    Coup in Siena is suppressed in a bloody riot
1465    Peace between Louis XI and recalcitrant nobles ends the French "War of the Public Good."
1656BC Noah takes to the Ark [Bishop Ussher]
1825    The Erie Canal opens
1860    Garibaldi meets Victor Emanuel II at Teano, unifying Italy
1861    Combat at Romney, WVa
1861    Last ride of the Pony Express
1868    White terrorists kill many blacks in St Bernard Parish, La
1881    Gunfight at the OK Corral, Tombstone
1904    NYC subway opens
1905    Norway secedes from Sweden, which declines to object
1906    Dressed as a Guards captain, Wilhelm Voight robs the city hall of Kopernich, near Berlin
1912    First Balkan War: Serbians capture Skopje
1922    Lt Cdr Godfrey Chevalier makes first underway US carrier landing, on 'Langley' (CV-1)
1930    Emperor Hirohito reviews the Combined Fleet from the deck of the BB 'Kirishima,' off Kobe
1937    Battle for the Sihang Warehouse, Shanghai: The Chinese 524th Regiment begins an heroic six day defense, beating off repeated Japanese attacks.ehouse
1942    Battle of the Santa Cruz Is: USS 'Hornet' (CV-8) is put out of action, Japanese carriers are heavily damaged
1942    Espiritu Santo: liner 'President Coolidge' mined, sinks, only 2 of hundreds aboard die
1943    Chandra Bose forms a provisional Indian government, joins Axis
1944    Leyte Gulf ends: losses, Japan 34 major warships, US 6.
1955    Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as president
1957    Khrushchev fires USSR defense minister Marshal Georgi Zhukov
1966    Fire aboard USS 'Oriskany' (CV-34) in the Gulf of Tonkin, 43 die

1759    Georges Danton, revolutionary demagogue, chopped 1794
1768    Prince Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish and French general, diplomat, historian, d. 1844
1800    Generalfeldmarschal Helmuth von Moltke, The Great Moltke, d. 1891 -- Learn More
1802    King Miguel I "the Absolutist" or "the Traditionalist" of Portugal (1828-1834), deposed, d. 1866,
1804    Lorenzo Thomas, Brig Gen, U.S., Union Adjutant General, who directed the recruiting of the "U.S. Colored Troops," d. 1875
1824    Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1886
1830    Stephen Elliott Jr., Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1866
1837    James Lawlor Kiernan, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1869
1878    Jose Moscardo Ituarte, 77, sometime defender of the Alcazar of Toledo in 1936, d. 1956
1914    Jackie Coogan, glider pilot, Burma Campaign, actor ("The Kid," "Unlce Fester", etc.), d. 1894
1916    Francois Mitterrand, Resistance fighter, President of France (1981-1995), d. 1996
1919    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), d. 1980

899    King Alfred "the Great" of Wessex (871-99), c. 50
1440    Giles de Rais, c. 36, Seigneur and Baron de Retz, Marshal of France, comrade to Joan of Arc, executed at 36 for murdering hundreds of children
1864    William T. "Bloody Bill" Anderson, c. 25, jayhawker, ambushed by Union troops near Richmond, Miss
1871    Maj Gen Robert Anderson, U.S., 66, the Defender of Ft. Sumter
1909    Prince Ito Hirobumi, 68, sometime PM of Japan, Resident Commissioner of Korea, assassinated
1957    Nikos Kazantzakis, 74, Greek philosopher and author -- "Zorba the GreeK," "The Odyssey, A Modern Sequel," etc.
1972    Igor Sikorsky, Ukrainian-American aviation pioneer, at 83
1979    Park Chung-hee, 62, President of Korea (1963-1979), murdered by the head of the Korean CIA
2002    Jacques Émile Massu, 94, French general, Gaullist, relieved as a putschist