0    Feast of Saint Gerard of Csanád, Patron of Hungary
1066    Harald Haardrada's Norwegians capture York
1143    Guido del Castello elected Pope as Celestine II (1143-44)
1180    Alexius II Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor (1180-1183)
1258    Triumphal entry of Ezzelino da Romano into Brescia
1400    Battle of Welshpool: Henry Burnell defeats Owen Glendower
1625    Spanish repulse Dutch attack on San Juan, Puerto Rico
1683    King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French America
1794    Pres Washington ordered the militia out to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion -- . Learn More
1846    Mexican War -- Battle of Monterey: Zachary Taylor captures the city after a three day battle -- Learn More
1852    First Powered Flight: Henri Giffard flies 17 miles from Paris to Trappes in his coke-fired steam powered semi-rigid airship.
1864    Battle of Pilot Knob/Fort Davidson: Union troops beat off the Confederates under Sterling Price, who are beginning a raid into Missouri
1918    Ens David S. Ingalls becomes the first USN ace, in a Sopwith Camel, while seconded to the Royal Air Force
1929    Lt James H Doolittle makes the first all-instrument flight, over Brooklyn
1942    "Chesty" Puller's Marines engage Japanese on Mt. Austen, Guadalcanal
1942    Valeriia Khomiakova, Soviet 586th Fighter Regiment, becomes the first woman to down an enemy aircraft in combat, flying a Yak 1 on her first mission
1943    Soviet forces liberate Smolensk
1943    USS 'Cabrilla' (SS 288) damages the escort carrier 'Taiyo' off Japan.
1944    San Marino declares war on Germany
1948    Mildred "Axis Sally" Gillars pleads innocent in Washington
1950    Operation Magic Carpet: the Jews of Yemen are taken to Israel
1960    USS 'Enterprise' (CVN-65) is launched, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier
1982    US, Italian, & French peacekeeping troops begin arriving in Lebanon
2015    Mecca: A panic during the Hajj results in over 2,400 deaths

15    Aulus Vitellius, Roman general, gourmand, Emperor-for-a-Little-While (April 16-Dec 20, AD 69), k. Dec 22, 69
1230    King Alfonso IX "the Slobberer" of León and Galicia (1188-1230), 59
1583    Albrecht von Wallenstein, military entrepreneur, assassinated, 1634
1739    Prince Grigori Alexandrovich Potyomkin-Tavricheski, soldier, statesman, Catherine the Great's lover, d. 1791
1755    John Marshall, soldier, Chief Justice (1801-1835), d. 1835
1824    Truman Seymour, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1891
1827    Henry Warner Slocum, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1894
1829    James St Clair Morton, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1864
1833    Henry Alanson Barnum, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1892
1884    Mustafa Ismet Inonu, Turkish general, President (1938-1950), d. 1973
1896    F. Scott Key Fitzgerald, novelist and inept soldier, d. 1940
1920    Richard "Dick" Bong, highest scoring US ace of WW II, with at least 40 Japanese a/c, d. 1945 in a flying accident

768    King Pepin III "the Short" of France (751-768), at 53
867    Byzantine Emperor Michael III (842-867), 27, assassinated
911    Louis 'the Child' - King Louis III or IV of East Francia, (899-911), c. 18 - the last German Carolingian
1143    Pope Innocent II - Gregorio Papereschi (1130-1143)
1180    Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus (1143-1180), at c. 62
1228    Grand Prince Stephen II of Rascia (1196-1217), King Stephen I Nemanjich of Serbia (1217-1228)
1230    King Alfonso IX of Leon and Galicia (1188-1230), 59
1812    Prince Pyotr Ivanovich Bagration, c. 48, Russian general, d/w from Borodino
1834    Emperor Pedro I of Brazil (1822-1831), King of Portugal (Mar 10-May 28, 1826), 35
1924    Manuel José Estrada Cabrera, 66, sometime President/Dictator of Guatemala (1898-1920) -- Learn More
1978    Hasso-Eccard Freiherr von Manteuffel, 81, panzer leader