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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
1479BC Battle of Megiddo: Thutmose III defeats the King of Kadesh -- Learn More
0    Army Day in Slovenia and Peace Officers' Memorial Day in the United States
0    Feast of Saint Athanasius of Alexandria, Patriarch and Doctor of the Church, and that of Saint Hallvard Vebjørnsson, Patron of Oslo
755    Abd al-Rahman is proclaimed Emir of Cordoba (755-c. 788), institutes the Umayyad Caliphate
1033    Moslem radicals began a pogrom against the Jews of Fez, Morocco, c. 6,000 died
1213    King John surrenders England and Ireland to Pope Innocent III, who then grants them to him as fiefs of the papacy
1266    Battle of Chesterfield ends England's Second Barons' War
1333    Battle of Ferrara: League of Castebaldo defeats the Papal Army
1464    Battle of Hexham: the Marques of Montague's Yorkists beat the Duke of Somerset's Lancastrians
1525    The Battle of Frankenhausen: German "Peasants' War" ends as nobles slaughter 5,000
1614    Treaty of St. Menehould: ends 1st "League of Princes" rebellion against Louis XIII
1682    Revolt of the Streltsy at Moscow
1718    Brit James Puckle receives a patent for a repeating firearm - the first "machine gun"
1768    Genoa cedes Corsica to France
1796    French troops occupy Milan
1796    Peace of Paris between the French Republic and the Kingdom of Sardinia
1848    King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies stages an absolutist coup
1851    Coronation of Rama IV as King of Thailand (1851-68) - Anna's friend
1862    Battle of Princeton Court House , WVa: Rebs win
1862    Ben Butler issues his famous "Woman Order," and proves every woman in New Orleans is a lady
1863    U.S. Grant ordered the burning of the cotton works in Jackson, Mississippi -- Learn More
1864    Battle of New Market, Virginia
1867    Battle of Queretero: The Mexican Republicans defeat the Imperialists, and capture the "Emperor" Maximilian von Hapsburg
1882    Tsar Alexander III bans Jews from living in rural areas
1883    Austro-German-Italian military convention
1885    Canadians arrest Louis Riel, insurgent leader
1904    Japanese battleships 'Hatsuse' & 'Yashima' mined & sunk off Port Arthur
1916    Austrians capture Asiago from the Italians
1917    Battle of the Otranto Straits: An Austro-German squadron fails to break the Italo-Anglo-French blockade of the Adriatic
1919    Greeks capture Smyrna, initiating an ultimately disastrous attempt to annex western Anatolia
1932    The May 15th Incident: Unsuccessful coup attempt by ultra-nationalist Japanese officers and civilians
1939    Dupont introduces nylon; within a year Japanese sales of silk to the US fall 30 percent
1940    First successful test flight of an American helicopter, Vought-Sikorsky US-300
1940    German troops occupy Amsterdam as the Dutch Army surrenders
1941    British attack Halfaya Pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt & Libya
1942    Gasoline rationing introduced by the US
1943    Cuban sub chaser 'CS-13' (Lt. Mario Ramirez Delgado) sinks 'U-176'.
1944    Eisenhower & Montgomery brief George VI & Churchill on the D-Day plan
1945    Andamans: Royal Navy raids Japanese installations
1948    Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, & Saudi-Arabia attack Israel
1955    Vienna Four-Power Treaty: Wartime allies restore Austria's independence
1957    First British A-bomb explosion, Christmas Island, the Pacific
1958    USSR launches Sputnik III
1960    Sputnik IV launched into Earth orbit
1970    Police fire on war protestors at Jackson State University, Mississippi, 2 die, 11 wounded
1972    George Wallace shot & paralyzed by Arthur Bremer, Laurel, Md
1972    Ryukyu Is return to Japan after 27 years of US control

BORN
1397    Sejong the Great, King of Korea (1418-1450)
1633    Sebastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban, fortification master, d. 1707
1773    Prince Klements Wenzel von Metternich, statesman, d. 1859
1892    Charles Emery Rosendahl, Vice-Adm., US Navy airship & heavy cruiser commander, d. 1977
1899    Jean Etienne Valluy, French officer, the world wars, C-in-C Indochina (1946-1949), d. 4 January 1970
1922    Richard A. Hough, sometime RAF fighter pilot, author, historian ("Dreadnought", "Admirals in Collision', etc.), d.
1929    Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie, 78th Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, Rhodes, and Malta, d. 2008
1934    John Keegan, British military historian ("The Face of Battle", etc.), d. 2012.
1942    The US Army's Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), which becomes the Women's Army Corps

DIED
392    Roman Emperor Valentinian II (375-392), 21, found hanging in a locked room -- Learn More
884    Pope Marinus I (882-884)
1174    Atabeg al-Malik al-Adil Nur ad-Din Abu al-Qasim Mahmud Ibn 'Imad ad-Din Zangi -- Nur-ed-Din of Aleppo (1146-1174), 59
1464    Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (1455-1464), 28, executed by Edward IV
1470    "Charles VIII" -- King Charles II of Sweden (1448-1457, 1464-1465, 1467-1470) and I of Norway (1449-1450), c. 60
1526    Thomas Müntzer, c. 36, leader of the German Peasants' War, executed
1591    Dimitri Ivanovitch, son of Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 9
1638    Gerrit Jansen, NYC's first recorded murder victim, knifed by Jan Gysbertsen in front of Fort Amsterdam
1877    Tajik Bey, Tadjik national hero, at about 57
1899    Emilio Jacinto y Dizon, 23, Filipino nationalist poet & revolutionary, of malaria
1932    Inukai Tsuyoshi, 77, Prime Minister of Japan (1931-32), murdered by nationalists
1976    Samuel Eliot Morison, sailor, historian ("Admiral of Ocean Sea"), 88