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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
0    Annual parade of the Equites at Rome
565    Accession of Justin II as Byzantine Emperor (565-578)
1380    King Charles VI "The Beloved" or "The Mad" of France crowned at age 12 (1380-1422)
1683    Battle of Kalenberg: Poles & Imperialists defeat the Turks
1751    Siege of Arcot: Rajah Chandra Sahib's Franco-Indian Army abdanons the 50 day siege of Clive's Anglo-Indians
1812    Second Battle of Polotsk: French defeat the Russians
1851    Publication of Herman Melville's "Moby Dick"
1863    Confederate Gen Braxton Bragg assigns Maj Gen Bedford Forrest an independent command in northern Mississippi and Western Tennessee
1863    Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi
1889    Nellie Bly, ace "girl" reporter for the 'New York World," boards a ship in NY in an effort to go around the world in 80 days; completes the trip in 72
1906    Theodore Roosevelt lands in Panama; the first visit by a sitting president to a foreign country
1910    First airplane takeoff from a ship: Eugene Ely in a Curtiss Flyer, off USS 'Birmingham' (CL-2)
1919    Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia, from the Whites
1935    Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship
1935    The Philippine Commonwealth is established, to attain full independence on July 4, 1946
1938    Pres. Roosevelt initiates a major expansion of the Army, including the Air Corps
1940    Luftwaffe "coventryizes" Coventry
1941    Aircraft carrier HMS 'Ark Royal' sinks in the Mediterranean after being torpedoed by the 'U-81' the day before
1942    Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, Day 3: intense air and naval action
1944    Chinese New 22nd Div takes Mantha, in northern Burma
1956    Hungarian Revolution finally crushed by overwhelming Soviet forces
1965    Battle of Ia Drang Valley: Start of the first major encounter between American and mainline VC units; ends 18th
1968    "Turn in Your Draft Card Day" proves highly unsuccessful
1975    Spain abandons Spanish Sahara, which is immediately occupied by Morocco
1991    Royal Oak, Michigan: A former Postal Service employee shoots nine people, four of whom die, before committing suicide
2001    Operation Enduring Freedom: Northern Alliance forces liberate Kabul from the Taliban

BORN
1567    Maurice of Nassau, Stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1585-1625), Sovereign Prince of Orange (1618-1665),
1765    Robert Fulton, American inventor, d. 1815
1773    Stapleton Cotton, later field marshal & Viscount Combermere, d. 1865 -- Learn More
1814    Michael Kelly Lawler, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1882
1822    William Harrow, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1872
1827    Isaac Wistar, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1905
1828    James Birdseye MacPherson, Maj Gen, U.S., KIA 1864
1884    William Henry Rupertus, Maj. Gen. UScommander, 1st Mar Div., Cape Gloucester and Peleliu, author of "The Rifleman's Creed".
1909    Joseph R McCarthy, Navy veteran, dipsomaniacal demagogic senator, d. 1957
1922    The BBC
1922    Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, Secretary General of the United Nations (1992-1996)
1932    John Jeremy Black, British naval officer, who commanded the carrier 'Invincible' in the Falklands, and rose to Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command, with his flag on 'Victory', d. 2015
1948    Charles, the Prince of Wales, naval officer
1954    Condolezza Rice, presidential advisor, SecState, concert pianist

DIED
565    Roman Emperor Justinian I "the Great" (527-565), 82 [perhaps late on the 13th]
976    Emperor Chao K'uang-yin (960-976), 49, the first Sung
976    Zhao Kuangyin, the Emperor Taizu, the first of Song Emperor of China (960-976)
1263    Grand Duke Alexander Nevski of Novgorod (1252-1263), 43
1673    King Michael Korybut Wilniowiecki of Poland-Lithuania (1669-1873), 33
1687    Eleanor "Nell" Gwyn, 37, Charles I's favorite mistress
1866    King Miguel I "the Absolutist" or "the Traditionalist" of Portugal (1828-1834), 64, in exile,
1908    Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia, 58, naval officer, Minister of Marine, hunting companion to Phil Sheridan, George Custer, & Buffalo Bill, in exile -- Learn More
1942    Al Sullivan (20), drowned off Guadalcanal
1969    Maj Gen Bruno Arthur Hochmuth, 3rd MarDiv, 56, kia, Vietnam