0    Feast of Saint Saint Chrysogonus, Roman Tribune and Martyr, and that of Saint Eanflæd, Abbess and Queen of Northumbria
29    Partial solar eclipse visible the eastern Mediterranean, associated by some with the crucifixion [or 30]
496    Election of Pope Anastasius II (496-498)
642    Consecration of Pope Theodore I (642-649)
1542    Battle of Solway Moss: Sir Oliver Sinclair & Lord Wharton defeat King James V of Scotland
1615    King Louis XIII of France (14) marries Ann of Austria (14)
1859    Publication of Charles Darwin's "On the Origin of Species"
1861    Skirmish at Lancaster, Mo
1863    Battles of Chattanooga, Columbia, & Lookout Mt Tennessee
1870    Agustin Morales ousts Mariano Melgarejo as dictator of Bolivia
1874    Joseph F Glidden receives a patent for barbed wire
1914    Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's Socialist Party
1917    Anarchists bombed a police station in Milwaukee; nine officers died, the greatest loss of life by police in a terrorist attack in prior to Sep. 11, 2001
1918    Bela Khun forms the Hungarian Communist Party
1922    Italian parliament gives Mussolini dictatorial powers "for one year"
1936    Polliwog-in-Chief FDR became a Shellback, USS 'Indianapolis' (CA-35), at 00º 00' N, 37º 00' W
1937    Chinese falsely announce the sinking of the Japanese battleship 'Nagato' by air attack
1941    CNO warns fleet "surprise aggressive movement" by Japan imminent
1943    Operation Galvanic: Escort carrier 'Liscome Bay' (CVE 56) is sunk by submarine off Makin
1944    First B-29 raid from Saipan; 111 bombers hit Tokyo.
1954    France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
1965    Coup installs Gen. Joseph Mobutu as President/Dictator of Congo/Zaire (1965-1996)
1977    The tomb of Philip II of Macedon is discovered near Vergine, Macedonia
1991    US 75th manned space mission, Atlantis 10

1072    King Bagrat IV of Georgia (1027-1072), c. 55
1265    King Magnús Óláfsson of Man (1254-1265), c. 55
1273    Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England, d. 1284
1655    King Charles XI of Sweden (1660-1697)
1712    Ali II ibn Hussein, Bey of Tunis (1759-1782)
1713    Fra Junipero Serra, missionary and explorer, d. 1784
1729    Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov, Russian field marshal & generalissimo, d. 1800 [NS]
1741    Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden (1718-1741), consort of King Frederick I (1721-1741)
1784    Zachary Taylor, Maj Gen, U.S., and President (1849-1850) -- Learn More
1829    William Passmore Carlin, Brig Gen, U.S., diarist, d. 1903
1835    The Texas Rangers, formed by the Provisional Government of Texas to enforce laws and collect stray cattle to help feed the Provisional Army
1864    Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, French nobleman and artist, d. 1901
1871    National Rifle Association, in New York City
1887    Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski, known as von Manstein, brilliant German soldier and field marshal, Nazi until they started losing, d. 1973
1921    John V. Lindsay, naval officer, Mayor of NY (1965-1973), d. 2000

62    A. Persius Flaccus, c. 28, Roman poet & satirist
1227    Leszek "the White", c. 42-43, High Duke of Poland (1194-1198, 1199, 1206-1210, 1211-1227), assassinated
1468    Jean de Dunois, 68 and one day, Bastard of Orleans, illegitimate son of Duke Louis d'Orléans, comrade to Joan of Arc
1647    Taddeo Barberini, Prince of Palestrina, inept general, noted art collector, b. 1603.
1801    Franz Moritz von Lacy, 75, Austrian field marshal
1807    Thayendanegea or Joseph Brant, 64, Mohawk political and military leader, noted orator
1922    Erskine Childers, 52, author ("The Riddle of the Sands"), naval aviator, Irish patriot, and eight others executed as traitors by the Irish Republic -- Learn More
1929    Georges Clemenceau, Premier of France (1906-09, 1917-20), at 88
1943    RAdm Henry Maston Mullinnix (51), Pearl Harbor hero Doris "Dorie" Miller (24), & c. 600 shipmates, in 'Liscome Bay' (CVE-56)
1963    Lee Harvey Oswald, 24, former marine, assassin of JFK, shot by Jack Ruby
1965    Emir Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah of Kuwait (1950-1965)