0    Gold Star Spouses' Day in the United States
0    Feast of Saint Æthelburh of Kent, Queen of Northumbria and Abbess of Lyminge, and that of Saint Vincent Ferrer, Patron of Valencia, of Fishermen, and much else beside
823    Pope Paschal I crowns Lothar I Co-Emperor of the HRE
1242    Battle of the Neva/Battle on the Ice: Prince Alexander of Novgorod defeats the Teutonic Knights
1614    Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
1654    Treaty of Westminster: First Anglo-Dutch War ends (1652-54)
1762    British capture Greneda from French
1799    Battle of Magnano: Austrians defeat the French
1811    Battle of Barrosa: English defeat the French
1812    British take Badajoz, Spain, from the French by storm
1818    Battle of Maipu: Jose de San Martin, Bernardo O'Higgins, the Chilean patriots inflict a decisive defeat on the Spanish
1861    U.S. troops abandon Ft Quitman, Tx
1881    Transvaal regains independence from Britain
1887    Lord Acton writes, "Power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely."
1896    Athens: 1st modern Olympic Games begin
1915    French begin Woevre offensive
1916    Battle of El Hanna: Unsuccessful British attempt to break the Turkish siege of Kut
1939    Germany: "Aryan" youth ordered to join the Hitlerjugend
1942    Bataan: Japanese troops capture Mt. Samat
1942    Ceylon: Japanese carrier a/c attack Colombo, other towns, and shipping, inflict heavy damage, and sink HM Heavy Cruisers 'Cornwall' & 'Dorsetshire'
1943    Burma: Br 6th Bde HQ is overrun by advancing Japanese in the Arakan
1943    Poon Lim (1917-1991) lands near Belem, Brazil, ending 133 days in a lifeboat in the Atlantic after the 'Ben Lomond' was torpedoed, setting a record for survival at sea
1945    Japanese cabinet resigns.
1950    Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins
1951    Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
1955    Winston Churchill resigns as British PM, succeeded by Anthony Eden
1962    NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600m
1986    Berlin: two US servicemen & a Turkish woman die in a terrorist bombing
1991    Iraq: US begins relief air drops to Kurds in the north

1315    King James III "the Rash" or "the Unfortunate" of Majorca (1324-1344), ousted by Peter IV of Aragon, kia 1349 trying to regain his kingdom.
1643    Charles V Léopold Nicolas Sixte, titular Duke of Lorraine (1675-1690), Imperial Field Marshal, d. 1690
1795    Henry Havelock, British general, inventor of "the Havelock" (the little bib that hangs down behind a Foreign Legion or US Civil War kepi), d. 1857
1818    Lewis Baldwin Parsons, Brig Gen, U.S.
1822    James Nagle, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1866
1825    David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d. 1863
1839    Robert Smalls, African-Amerian Civil War naval hero, member of congress, d. 1915
1848    Ulrich Wille, Swiss soldider, Commander-in-Chief, 1914-1918, d. 1925
1857    Prince Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg of Bulgaria (1879-1886), d. 1893
1900    Spencer Tracy, actor ("Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo"), d. 1967
1908    Herbert von Karajan, conductor, Hitler's Generalmusikdirektor, Nazi who got over, d.1989
1919    John Leslie Munro, who would become the last surviving "Dam Buster" pilot, d. 2015
1923    Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnamese soldier & president (1965-1975), d. 2001
1937    Colin Powell, general, chairman of the JCS, national security advisor, secretary of state

902    Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Talha al-Muwaffaq -- al-Mu'tadid bi-llah, c. 42-48, Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad (892-902)
1078    Richard Drengot, c. 60, Count of Aversa (1049-1078), Prince of Capua (1058-1078), Duke of Gaeta (1064-1078).
1091    Jordan I Drengot, Count of Aversa and Prince of Capua (1078-1091), son of Richard Dregnot
1181    Count Raymond Berengar III of Provence (1173-1181), c. 23
1208    Quetzalcoatl
1356    Colin Doubel, le Comte de Graville, le Comte de Harcourt, & Mabue de Mainemares, beheaded by King John "the Good" of France
1697    King Charles XI King of Sweden (1660-97), at 41
1794    Georges-Jacques Danton, 45, French revolutionary leader, guillotined, ending "The Reign of Terror"
1900    Osman Nuri Pasha, 67-68, Ottoman Field Marshal, the Defender of Plevna, 1877
1918    King George Tupou II of Tonga (1895-1918), 43
1935    Lt. Gen. Juan Picasso González, 77, Spanish soldier, with the Cruz Laureada de San Fernando, the only Protestant general in the Spanish Army, great uncle to the artist
1964    Douglas MacArthur, "Defender of Australia, Liberator of the Philippines, Conqueror of Japan", not to mention "Router of the Bonus Army", at 84
1972    Brian Donlevy, actor ("Wake Island"), at 73
1975    Chiang Kai-shek, 87, President/Premier/Leader of China , 1928-1975
1991    Manley L "Sonny" Carter Jr, 50, US astronaut, in an accident