670BC The Battle of the Horatii and the Curiatii -- Learn More
331BC Alexander the Great trounces the Persians at Gaugamela [Alt]
45BC Caesar's fifth Triumph, for the defeat of the Pompeians at Munda
965    Accession of Pope John XIII (965-972)
1040    Conan II succeeds his father, Alain III, as Duke of Brittany (1040-1066)
1285    Battle of the Col de Panissars: Peter III of Aragón defeats Philip III of France
1496    Battle of Eboli: The French defeat the Neapolitans
1756    Battle of Lobositz: Prussians defeat the Austrians
1800    Spain cedes Louisiana to France in return for Tuscany, but retains the right of first refusal should Napoleon chose to dispose of the place
1800    U.S. schooner 'Experiment' captures the French schooner 'Diana'.
1835    Battle of Guadalupe Ford: Texians defeat the Mexicans
1837    U.S treaty with Winnebago Indians
1850    Moslems massacre Christians at Aleppo, Syria
1851    Citizens of Syracuse, NY, break into a police station and freed William "Jerry" Henry, who had escaped fro slavery but been apprehended by slaver agents
1860    Battle of the Volturno: Garibaldi defeats the Neapolitan Royalists
1863    Russian fleet arrives to winter in New York
1864    Lincoln hires John Staples as a "substitute" to encourage recruiting
1868    King Rama V Chulalongkorn succeeds to the throne of Siam, d. 1910
1880    John Philip Sousa becomes director of the Marine Corps Band
1898    Tsar Nicholas II orders Jews expelled from some Russian cities
1918    British & Arab forces liberate Damascus from the Turks
1919    Hoop Spur Church Massacre, Elaine, Arkansas: White racists initiate a three-day pogrom against alleged "black insurrectionists" -- some whites, more than 100 blacks slain, some by federal troops
1932    Sir Oswald Mosley forms the British Union of Fascists
1935    Germany bans jazz and other "Negro" and "Jewish" music
1936    Francisco Franco named leader of Spanish Nationalists
1938    Munich Conference ends in the German annexation of the Sudetenland
1939    Churchill says the USSR "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"
1942    Italian blockade runner 'Orseolo' departs Bordeaux for Kobe
1942    Maiden flight of the Bell P-59 Airacomet, the first US jet fighter
1943    Allied forces liberate Naples
1945    US Army discharges MSGT Joe Louis -- Learn More
1949    Mao Tse-tung proclaims the People's Republic of China
1950    ROK troops advance northwards across the 38th Parallel
1951    The historically Black 24th Infantry, falsely accused of cowardice in Korea, is deactivated; restored 1991
1955    Commissioning of the USS 'Forrestal' (CVA-59) the first supercarrier; serves until 1993
1957    B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack, which continues until the early 1990s
1958    Elvis arrives by ship in Bremerhaven, bound for Ray Caserne in Frieberg
1958    NASA is formed, takes over the Vanguard Project from the USN
1962    "Combat" premiers on ABC, runs for five seasons
1980    Cosmonauts Ryumin & Popov break space endurance record of 176 days
1988    Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Soviet Head-of-State (Oct. 1, 1988 - Dec. 25, 1991)
1992    USS 'Saratoga' (CV-60) accidentally fires missiles at a Turkish destroyer in the Aegean, 5 die
2008    US Africa Command (AFRICOM) established
2015    Umpqua Community College, Roseburg, Oregon: Gunman kills 9, wounds 20, before being killed by police

83BC Caius Sallustius Crispus - Sallust, Roman historian ("The Conspiracy of Catiline"), d. 34 BC
208    Alexander Severus, Roman Emperor (222-235)
1207    King Henry III of England (1216-72)
1685    Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40)
1730    Richard Stockton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, d. 1788
1746    Rev John Muhlenberg, Continental general, d. this date in 1807
1781    James  Lawrence, Capt., USN, d/w 1812 saying "Don't give up the ship!"
1830    Jeremiah C. Sullivan, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1890
1831    Claudius C. Wilson, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1863
1834    Francis Marion Cockrell, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1915
1835    Robert H. Anderson, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1888
1835    William Hicks "Red" Jackson, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1903
1881    William Edward Boeing, aviation entrepreneur, d. 1956
1921    James Whitmore, marine, actor ("Battle Cry"), d. 2009
1924    James Earl Carter, naval officer, president (1977-1981)
1936    Stephen Ambrose, historian ("Band of Brothers"), d. 2002
1941    The Royal New Zealand Navy
1950    Boris Vladimirovich Morukov, Russian cosmonaut

670BC Horatia, slain by her brother Publius Horatius, returning from his battle with the Curiati, for mourning her betrothed, one of the latter, and not her two lost brothers
829    Byzantine Emperor Michael II "the Stammerer" or "the Armorian" (820-829), 59
1040    Duke Alain III of Brittany (1008-40), 43, poisoned
1404    Pope Boniface IX - Piero Tomacelli (1389-1404), c. 40
1498    Pagolo Vitelli, Captain of Florence, beheaded
1578    Don Juan of Austria, Victor of Lepanto, at 31
1807    Rev John Muhlenberg, Continental general, on his 61st birthday
1864    Rose Greenhow, loose woman, Confederate spy, drowned, at c. 47
1901    Emir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan (1880-1901), c. 60
1990    Curtis E LeMay, bomber baron, at 83
2013    Tom Clancy, 66, novelist and defense writer -- "The Hunt for Red October," etc.