0    Feast of St. Joaquina de Vedruna, Patron of Exiles, and that of St. Ivo of Kermartin, Patron of Brittany, Lawyers, and abandoned children, and that of Pope St. Celestine V, Patron of the Molise, Aquila, Urbino, bookbinders, and papal resignations.
715    Accession of Pope Gregory II (715-731), later canonized
1579    Peace of Arras: Reconciliation of the Southern Netherlands to Philip II of Spain
1588    Spanish Armada sets sail from Cadiz for Lisbon
1639    Battle of Thionville: Imperialists defeat the French
1643    the French decisively defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Rocroi/Allersheim -- Learn More
1649    Parliament declares England a republic, known as the Commonwealth
1652    Spanish capture Gravelines
1780    New England's 'Dark Day': Wildfires in Ontario spread ash into the athmosphere that blots out the sun over most of New England and some adjacent areas.
1793    Dutch capture St Maarten from France
1796    Battle of Lodi: Bonaparte's French defeat the Austrians
1822    Gen Agustin Iturbide is proclaimed Emperor Agustin I of Mexico (May 19, 1822-March 19, 1823), deposed
1849    Battle of Velletri: Neapolitans beat off Garibaldi's Roman troops
1852    the art collection of the late Marshal-General of France Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult went on auction -- Learn More
1864    Battle of Spotsylvania ends
1929    General Feng Yu-Xiang declares war on Chinese government
1931    "Pocket Battleship" 'Deutschland' launched in Germany
1934    Military coup in Bulgaria by Col. Damian Veltsjev
1940    Charles De Gaulle's 4th Arm Div counterattacked the Germans at Péronne -- Learn More
1943    Nazis declare Berlin is "Judenrien - Free of Jews"
1943    Winston Churchill addresses Congress for the second time
1944    US 88th Inf Div liberates Itri
1944    US troops overrun most of Wakde, New Guinea, & begin repairing the airfield.
1949    Ticker tape parade on Broadway for General Lucius D. Clay
1951    UN begins counter offensive in Korea
1960    USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
1964    Over 40 "bugs" found in the U.S. embassy in Moscow
1967    US bombs Hanoi
1997    the second USS 'The Sullivans' (DDG 68) was commissioned in New York

1802    The Legion of Honor, by decree of First Consul Bonaparte
1808    Samuel Jameson Gholson, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1883
1812    Felix Kirk Zollicoffer, Brig Gen, C.S.A., kia 1862
1815    John Gross Barnard, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1882
1828    Adin Ballou Underwood, Brig Gen, U.S.
1860    Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Italian premier (1917-1919), d. 1952
1881    Mustafa Kemal born, later "Atatürk", Turkish national hero, d. 1938 -- Learn More
1890    Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese Communist leader (1946-1969), d. 1969
1891    Oswald Boelcke, German ace (40 kills), kia 1916
1895    Charles Hamilton Sorley, British officer and war poet, kia. Loos 1915 -- Learn More
1897    Frank Luke, American ace (18 kills), killed resisting capture, 1918
1909    Nicholas George Winton, British humanitarian, organised the rescue of 669 mostly Jewish children from Nazi-held Czechoslovakia, d. 2015
1925    Malcolm Little, later Malcolm X and el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, murdered 1965
1939    Francis R. Scobee, USAF, astronaut, d. 1986, 'Challenger' disaster
1955    Pierre J. Thuot, USN, astronaut
1958    NORAD

318BC Phocion "the Good", c. 84, often victorious Strategos of Athens, executed in an political dispute
1125    Grand Duke Vladimir Monomakh of Kiev (1113-1125), at c. 76
1296    Pope St. Celestine V - Pietro di Murrone (5 Jul - 13 Dec 1294, resigned), c. 80
1536    Anne Boleyn, c. 30-35, Mrs. Henry VIII No. 2 (mother of Elizabeth I), beheaded on trumped up charges of treason, adultery, and incest
1777    Button Gwinnett, 42, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, of wounds from a duel on May 16th
1864    Nathaniel Hawthorne, 59, militiaman, novelist ("The Scarlet Letter")
1895    Jose Marti y Perez, Cuban poet, nationalist, kia at 42
1898    William E. Gladstone, 88, British politician, four times Prime Minister (1868-1874, 1880-1885, Feb–Jul 1886, 1892–1894)
1935    T. E. Lawrence "of Arabia", 46, motorcycle accident
1953    Damasco Berenguer y Fuste, Spanish general and historian, at 79
2002    Walter Lord, 84, author ("Miracle at Midway")