0    International Holocaust Remembrance Day
0    Feast of St. Devota, Patron of Corsica and of Monaco
98    Traian became Roman Emperor, known as “optimus princeps” -- Learn More
630    Battle of Hunayn: Meccan Moslems defeat the pagan, Christian, & Jewish Arab tribes
1302    Dante is expelled from Florence by the Black Guelfs
1524    Giovanni degli Bande Nere captures Robecco d'Oglio
1556    Akbar becomes Mogul Emperor of India (1556-1605)
1593    Battle of Byeokjegwan: The Japanese win the first major engagement of their invasion of Korea
1614    Tokugawa Ieyasu outlaws Christianity in Japan
1695    Accession of Mustafa II as Ottoman Sultan and Caliph of Islam (1695-1703), abdicates
1864    Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
1864    Skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va.
1868    The Battle of Toba-Fushimi: The "Boshin War" begins in Japan, ultimately leading to the fall of the Shogunate
1915    US Marines begin occupation of Haiti
1928    Airship 'Los Angeles' (ZR-3) moors to 'Saratoga' (CV-3) in rough seas off Rhode Is.
1942    HMS 'Indomitable' flys off 48 aircraft to reinforce the defense of Java
1942    USS 'Gudgeon' (SS-211) becomes the first US boat to sink an enemy sub, the Japanese 'I-173'.
1942    U.S. submarines begin supply runs to Corregidor
1943    First USAAF raid on Germany, as nearly 100 B-17s & B-24s bomb submarine construction yards at Wilhelmshafen
1943    USS 'Whale' (SS-239) sinks 'Shoan Maru' (c. 5,600 grt)
1944    Soviets lift the German Siege of Leningrad after 880 days: perhaps 1,000,000 dead
1944    U.S. issues a report on "The Bataan Death March"
1945    1st Cav and 32nd Inf Divs, and 122nd Cav Regt land on Luzon
1945    The Soviet 322nd Rifle Division liberates the Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1945    USS 'Higbee' (DD-806) commissioned, first US warship named after a Navy woman
1945    At Stalag IXA, near Ziegenhain: when the Germans try to identify the Jewish men among the American P/Ws, Master Sgt. Roddie Edmonds says, "We are all Jews"
1967    Disastrous fire aboard Apollo 1
1967    Treaty signed banning military use of nuclear weapons in space
1969    Nine Jews publicly executed as "spies" in Damascus
1973    US and North Vietnam sign cease-fire
1977    Pres Carter pardons most Vietnam War draft evaders (c. 10,000)
2002    Ammo dump explosion at Lagos, Nigeria, c. 1,100 die

1443    Duke Albert III "the Bold" or "the Courageous" of Saxony & Margrave of Meissen (1464-1500)
1546    Joachim Frederick, Prince-Elector of Brandenburg (1598-1608)
1571    Shah Abbas I "the Great" of Persia (1588-1629)
1756    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, boy genius musician and composer, d. 1791
1814    Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, architect, fortification historian ("Annals of a Fortress"), d. 1879
1822    Thomas Leiper Kane, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1883
1826    Richard Taylor, Lt Gen, C.S.A., d. 1879
1828    Samuel Allen Rice, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1864
1830    William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brig Gen, C.S.A.. d. 1904
1834    Robert Sanford Foster, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1903
1859    Wilhelm II - "Kaiser Bill", German Emperor (1888-1918), d. 1940 -- Learn More
1900    Hyman Rickover, "Father of the Nuclear Navy," d. 1986

98    Marcus Cocceius Nerva, 67, Roman Emperor (Sept. 18, 96-Jan 27, 98), stroke
457    Flavius Marcianus -- Marcian, 65, Late Roman/Byzantine Emperor (450-457)
661    Ali ibn Abi Talib, 62, son-in-law of Mohammed, the Fourth Caliph (656-661), murdered -- the first Shia Imam
672    Pope St. Vitalian (657-672)
847    Pope St. Sergius II (844-47)
1556    Moghul Emperor Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun of India (1530-1556), accidental fall in his library, 47
1595    Sir Francis Drake, English sea dog, of fever at c. 55 -- Learn More
1812    Captain John Perkins, c. 62-65, first black officer in the Royal Navy
1816    Adm. Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, 85
1922    Elizabeth Cochran Seaman -- Nellie Bly, 57. famed "girl" reporter who went around the world in 72 days
1951    Marshal Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, 83, Regent (1918-1919) and President (1944-1946) of Finalnd
1967    Alphonse Juin, last living Marshal of France, at 78
1967    Astronauts Edward H White II (36), Roger B Chaffee (31), & Virgil "Gus" Grissom (40), Apollo I fire
1974    Sir Edward Louis Spears, 87, Maj. Gen., Bart, KBE, CB, MC, author, MP, liaison officet to the French in 1914 & 1940
2003    Hugh Trevor-Roper, 89, MI-6 veteran, historian ("The Last Days of Adolph Hitler")
2010    Jerome David "J.D." Salinger, 91, D-Day veteran and author "The Catcher in the Rye".
2018    Mort Walker, soldier-cartoonist ("Beetle Baily"), 94