Sudan: October 24, 1999


The Sudanese government said that it will seek to combine African and Arab peace initiatives to resolve the ongoing Sudanese civil war. At the moment two major peace initiatives are afoot, one sponsored by Egypt and Libya, the other by the Inter-Government Authority for Development in East Africa. Kenya heads a multi-nation committee in IGAD (Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Uganda) which is seeking a way to end Sudan's civil war. All of the peace initiatives are well and good. However, Egypt still considers Libya to be a rogue state and Ethiopia and Eritrea are currently at war with each other -- facts not lost on the Sudanese.

October 16; The Sudanese government announced that Hassan al-Turabi had regained control of the National Congress Party (NCO). al-Turabi draws extensive support from radical Islamist factions in the NCP. The loser in the intra-party struggle was Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir.

October 14; Both the rebel SPLA and the Sudan government have extended the humanitarian aid ceasefire in southern Sudan. The ceasefire is by no means a comprehensive ceasefire, but one designed to protect aid workers and refugees in vulnerable areas. During the ceasfire both sides have traded accusations of ceasefire violations. The Sudan government in Khartoum had declared a "unilateral 70-day ceasefire" that would have ended in mid-October.

October 6; Two explosions rocked the town of Kassala, near the Sudanese-Eritrean border. A petroleum depot and a gas station were attacked by the Umma Party.


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