October 20, 2005: Sudan has accepted over a hundred deserting Chadian soldiers as refugees. This means the soldiers must surrender their weapons and promise not to make attacks into Chad from bases in Sudan.
October 14, 2005: At least forty soldiers deserted, stole some vehicles, and fled the capital for the Sudanese border. The men belonged to the same tribe, the Zagawa, as president Idriss Deby, and are unhappy because Deby has not done more to help Zagawa people in Sudan who are being attacked by pro-government Arab tribal militias. The Zagawa are black African, not Arab. Chad believes that Sudan is giving shelter to Chad rebels, but Sudan denies this. Last year, some Zagawa soldiers tried to stage a rebellion and replace Deby with a Zagawan who was willing to go to war with Sudan over the treatment of Zagawa people in Darfur. In reality, few Chadian Zagawa are willing to start a war over the matter, but those who are, tend to be very committed to the idea.
Chad is considered, by the annual Transparency International report, as one of the most corrupt nations on earth. Corruption is a major cause of economic stagnation, civil unrest and rebellion.
October 8, 2005: Hundreds of refugees continue to flee tribal violence in the Central African Republic, and head for refugee camps in Chad. Same thing is happening in Sudan, with thousands of additional refugees coming across each week, often closely pursued by Arab tribesmen the Sudanese government is encouraging to carry out this ethnic cleansing.
October 4, 2005: The consulate in Darfur was closed because of the growing violence on the Sudanese border. Pro-government Arab tribes continue to attack black African tribesmen on both sides of the border.