After years of looking the other way, police in northeastern India are cracking down on Nepalese Maoist rebels using India as a sanctuary. Police admit that they know of at least 128 rebels who were treated in local hospitals in the past few years. Many more probably escaped detection, as the rebels tend to be discreet. But there have long been rumors of Nepalese rebels setting up camps, or quietly settling into villages, in remote areas along the border. The aid for the Nepalese rebels is arranged by Indian communists. There are several Maoist (radical communist) movements in various parts of India. The Nepalese Maoists began fighting in 1996 and were influenced by Maoist movements in India. Maoism, which began in China, is now renounced by China as backward and wrongheaded. Young Indian college students are particularly attracted to Maoism.