Sudan: November 28, 1999


: The SPLA denounced the peace agreement reached between the Sudan government and the Umma Party. The SPLA said the Umma Party acted "unilaterally." Meanwhile, the Sudan government reported another attack on the oil pipeline leading into Port Sudan.

November 26; The Sudanese government announced that it had signed a "peace agreement" with the splinter opposition Umma Party. The Sudan government has been on a peace offensive for the last month, with little success. The Umma Party is a faction of the National Democratic Alliance.

November 22; Sudan charged that the U.S. government plans to overthrow the Sudanese government. The Sudanese foreign minister claimed that Washington intends to host a conference for southern and northern Sudanese opposition groups. The conference would be used to forge a combined opposition supplied by the US.

November 18; Opponents of Khartoum's Islamic regime claimed that their combined "forces in the north and south" are beginning to "tighten the noose" on the Islamic government. The Joint Military Command (JMC) unites the SPLA and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in an umbrella resistance organization. (The NDA was originally formed from seven other opposition groups.) JMC commander-in-chief is Pagan Amum. The strategy: to deplete Khartoum's resolve by forcing the Islamists to fight a "two front" guerrilla war in the north and south of Sudan. However, the NDA is not a stable organization. Sadek al-Mahdi, leader of the Umma Party (an NDA member) has announced he would consider holding separate, direct talks with Khartoum. According to reports from southern Sudan, SPLA leader John Garang believes al-Mahdi's split would wound the rebel coalition and had made it a key political objective to keep al-Mahdi in the JMC. 

November 8; Sudan claimed Eritrea deployed troops and artillery along the 300-kilometer-long Sudan-Eritrea border. Sudan's Khartoum government believes Eritrea is operating in conjunction with the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), which operates in the southern Sudan. 


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