NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS
October 2, 2007: The United
States Department of Defense is forming over a hundred special CBRN (Chemical,
Biological, Radiological and Nuclear) warfare response units. These will be
called CMRF (Consequence Management Response Force) units. Most (about 80
percent) of the 15,000 troops would be reservists (most of them National
Guard). In the event of terrorists using Chemical, Biological, Radiological or
Nuclear weapons in the United States, one or more of these units would be sent
to the site of the attack, along with their specialized equipment, to deal with
the aftereffects, and contain the damage.
This is something that has
been knocking around since the 1990s. In the late 1990s there was a proposal to
use National Guard and Reserve troops to form ten Rapid Assessment and Initial
Detection (RAID) teams. Each would have 22 troops trained and equipped to deal
with CBRN attacks. This idea got rolling after the 1995 nerve gas attack, by
the Aum Shinrikyo group, in the Tokyo subways. Arguments over how many teams
would be formed, how they would be paid for, and who would supply the
personnel, and how effective the teams would be, stalled progress. Meanwhile,
most large urban areas already had specialists who could handle this sort of
thing, and they wanted more money so they could do it better, and faster.
Meanwhile, some teams were formed just before, and after, September 11, 2001.
But politics (Congress wanted at least one team per state, no matter where the
real risks were) and disputes over training, equipment and readiness have delayed
much progress on federal teams.
Given the history of all this,
it's unlikely that the latest effort will produce much that is useful. As
before, the main responsibility for creating a quick response to CBRN attacks
will lay with local governments. The military CBRN units, including the ones
that already exist, will most likely get there later. The Department of Defense
CBRN units will take about three years to train and organize.