Morale: A Princely Sacrifice


May 6, 2011:  One of the two new British aircraft carriers will, due to the intervention of Charles, the Prince of Wales, have its name changed from Prince of Wales to the Ark Royal. This came about after a senior admiral spoke to prince Charles, about how morale in the navy had been hurt by the abrupt retirement of the carrier Ark Royal, and the prince took the hint. This would make the new carrier the sixth British warship to carry that name. While the first Ark Royal was the flagship of the British fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada in 1587, all subsequent Ark Royals (starting in 1914) have been aircraft carriers. For many British sailors, a Royal Navy without an aircraft carrier named Ark Royal is a sad thing indeed.

Only 18 months after returning to service, after another round of upgrades, the British carrier HMS Ark Royal was recently decommissioned. Britain now has no aircraft carrier in service. Actually it has another aircraft carrier in commission (until 2014), a sister ship of the Ark Royal, but it only carries helicopters. That's because Britain recently retired all its Harrier vertical takeoff jets, which were the principal warplanes on the two carriers.

It was in late 2009 that the Ark Royal returned to service after seven months in the shipyard for $20 million worth of repairs and upgrades. The Ark Royal also had a $47 million refit in 2006, and a more extensive, $210 million one, in 1999-2001, that resulted in a larger flight deck. The Ark Royal was to remain in service until the first of the two Queen Elizabeth class carriers entered service at the end of the decade. These two, 58,000 ton carriers have been in the works since the late 1990s.

The 22,000 ton Ark Royal entered service in 1985, one of three Invincible class carriers. It carried 24 aircraft and helicopters, and was operated by a crew of 1,100. The most notable aspect of a recent refit was the addition of accommodations for 400 marines. This made the Ark Royal into an amphibious carrier, and it could deliver the marines via helicopter, or boats.

The new Queen Elizabeths are to have a ship's crew of 800 (or less) and an air wing complement of 600 personnel. Currently, you need a ship crew of about 2,000 for a carrier that size, plus nearly as many for the air wing. These carriers are going to cost about $5 billion each, and are to be in use for half a century (via periodic refits and refurbs). But the biggest cost will be personnel. Currently, it costs the U.S. Navy a bit over $100,000 per sailor per year. Do the math ($7 billion in crew costs over the life of each carrier.) So the smaller the crew, the greater the savings, and the more you can spend on upgrading the ship, buying new aircraft and the like.

These carriers will haul 34-45 aircraft and helicopters each and be able to handle about 110 flight operations every 24 hours. That's with current aircraft. The F-35C will be the primary warplane on the British carriers. But it's also likely that many, or all, of the next generation of aircraft on these ships will be robotic.

Although construction has begun on the two Queen Elizabeths, the growing number of cuts in the defense budget may cause cancellation of one, or both, of them.




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