Korea: Give It Up Or I'll Shoot Myself

Archives

December 13,2008: As U.S. troop strength in South Korea continues to shrink, more South Koreans are getting nervous. Many South Koreans don't really believe the better trained, led and equipped South Korean forces can defeat another invasion from the north. The American troops have been around for over half a century, and the U.S. has always said it would stand by its South Korean ally. But the numbers tell a different tale. At the end of the Korean War, in 1953, there were over 350,000 U.S. troops in South Korea. Within a year, that shrank to 223,000, and by 1955 it was only 85,000. By the mid-60s it was 63,000. By the mid 70's there were only 42,000. There it stayed for over two decades. Then came the September 11, 2001 and the war on terror. By 2004 the U.S. force in South Korea was down to 37,000. In 2006 that dropped to 30,000 and this year will go to 28,000, as a AH-64 helicopter gunship battalion leaves. There is fear that the new U.S. president will cut the American force in South Korea to token (a few thousand troops) size. Meanwhile, more Americans are getting quite vocal about the need for any U.S. troops in South Korea at all. Enough is enough, and over half a century of paying to supply South Korea with a protective garrison should come to an end.

North Korea continues its diplomatic policy of demanding gifts, and threatening to hurt itself if the gifts do not arrive. This absurd approach to negotiations has become more common since the great famine, and economic collapse (because of the withdrawal of Cold War era Russian subsidies) of the 1990s. The "give me your wallet or I'll shoot myself" approach has lost its shock value and is not just seen as bizarre and unproductive. So it was with dismay that South Koreans watched the north shut down the year old rail link between the north and south. The north now threatens to shut down a South Korean industrial park in the north, where 35,000 North Korean workers earn, by northern standards, excellent wages ($70 a month).

North Korea refuses to allow verification that it has dismantled its nuclear weapons program. In response, the five countries (U.S., South Korea, China, Russia, Japan) involved in the six way talks, have halted most food and energy shipments. Without that food and oil, over a third of the North Korean population faces starvation. North Korea does not express any alarm over this. The food donors are insisting on monitoring food distribution, because they have ample evidence that earlier shipments were sent to military stockpiles, or to China (to be sold). The donors don't want to starve North Koreans, but see no point sending food north if it is not going to feed the starving. North Korea refuses to allow food monitors or nuclear weapons inspectors, and threatens to hurt itself more if the donor nations continue making threats..

North Korean leader Kim Jong Il continues to make public appearances, that no one can verify. There are still enough foreigners in the north to get questions asked and attempt to find witnesses to these Kim Jong Il public appearances. No credible witnesses can be found. Apparently Kim Jong Il is still not well, but his staff feels pressured to pretend otherwise.

South Korea recently received the first 24 of 48 second hand Patriot anti-aircraft missile launchers, along with radars, missile reloads and support equipment. These systems were bought from Germany, which is still getting rid of Cold War era armaments it no longer needs. The vast Russian and East German air forces the Patriots were originally purchased to deal with, no longer exist. The North Korean Air Force is not that big, and mostly grounded for lack of fuel. South Korea bought the German Patriots to deal with North Korean ballistic missiles.

The North Korean leadership is increasingly threatened by a cultural invasion from the south. In comes in many forms; leaflets carried by balloons, illegal cell phones smuggled in from China and, worst of all, a growing number of South Korean TV shows, especially soap operas and other dramas that casually reveal the much higher living standards in the south, and a half century of social change, in the south. This is changing attitudes among North Korean women, who are still treated like property (because North Korea has had no social change, and treats women according to centuries old customs). Communism talks about "liberating women," but largely fails to deliver on that promise, especially in North Korea.

Desperate measures are being taken to try and stop this invasion. Special police units prowl the Chinese border, equipped with expensive German cell phone signal detectors, seizing illegal phones and sending their owners to labor camps. Smugglers make big money sneaking videos of South Korean TV shows and movies. This is impossible to stop, because you can put lots of this stuff on a tiny flash memory drive. This digital media is then copied endlessly, and viewed eagerly. There's not much entertainment in the north, and the South Korea video fare is very welcome. Meanwhile, in a desperate attempt to stop the balloons, North Korea ordered pro-North Korean political groups in the south to use physical force. This stopped about ten percent of a recent batch of leaflets being released to drift north, and got some of the pro-democracy leaflet people sent to the hospital. But it got a lot of the pro-North Korean thugs arrested, and was not the kind of PR the north wanted.

 

Article Archive

Korea: Current 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 


X

ad
0
20

Help Keep Us Soaring

We need your help! Our subscription base has slowly been dwindling. We need your help in reversing that trend. We would like to add 20 new subscribers this month.

Each month we count on your subscriptions or contributions. You can support us in the following ways:

  1. Make sure you spread the word about us. Two ways to do that are to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
  2. Subscribe to our daily newsletter. We’ll send the news to your email box, and you don’t have to come to the site unless you want to read columns or see photos.
  3. You can contribute to the health of StrategyPage. A contribution is not a donation that you can deduct at tax time, but a form of crowdfunding. We store none of your information when you contribute..
Subscribe   Contribute   Close