Peacekeeping: Eleven Million African Refugees


January 15, 2009: The UN is supporting about 11 million refugees in Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda. Congo, Somalia and Sudan are the worst cases, with ethnic conflict and civil war being the main cause. Most (83 percent) of these refugees are still in their native country, but driven from their homes by the fighting. The rest have fled to a neighboring country. Most of the costs of the food and medical aid, and peacekeeping, are paid for by Western nations, with the U.S. being the largest contributor. Over 30,000 peacekeepers are deployed in these countries, but that's not enough troops to halt the violence, or protect the refugees.

This region has always been violent. During the colonial period (mid 19th to mid 20th century), there was much less fighting, because colonial troops kept the peace by force. This was expensive, and that cost was one of the reasons why the colonial powers departed after World War II. Locally raised armies, often containing troops trained by the departed colonial powers, kept things quiet for a while. But by the end of the 20th century, those forces had fallen apart due to corruption and poor leadership. Chaos has ensued, and no one has yet come up with a quick, clean and cheap solution.


Article Archive

Peacekeeping: Current 2021 2020 2019 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 



Help Keep Us Soaring

We need your help! Our subscription base has slowly been dwindling. We need your help in reversing that trend. We would like to add 20 new subscribers this month.

Each month we count on your subscriptions or contributions. You can support us in the following ways:

  1. Make sure you spread the word about us. Two ways to do that are to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
  2. Subscribe to our daily newsletter. We’ll send the news to your email box, and you don’t have to come to the site unless you want to read columns or see photos.
  3. You can contribute to the health of StrategyPage. A contribution is not a donation that you can deduct at tax time, but a form of crowdfunding. We store none of your information when you contribute..
Subscribe   Contribute   Close