about ten percent of the enemy fighters account for over half the civilian,
government and NATO casualties. That's because most of the Taliban are
interested in maintaining their power within their traditional tribal territories.
This mainly involves intimidation and terror. Killing fellow tribesmen just
causes a blood feud and the distraction of having to fight with your neighbors.
The Taliban wants to keep the national, or even provincial, government out of
their affairs, not stir up a hornets nest in their own back yard.
In Pakistan, last year's peace
deal between the tribes and the government allowed al Qaeda and the Taliban to
recruit and train freely in the tribal territories. The tribal leaders didn't
keep their part of the bargain, to crack down on the terrorists, and that
eventually brought them into conflict with the government. Now the Pakistani
army is cracking down. Terrorists can no longer move so freely, and some are
under attack. Worse, when the Taliban began, last year, to enforce their strict
lifestyle rules on others in the tribal territories, they encountered
resistance. For the last six months, there has been a growing number of little
wars between the Islamic radicals and people in the Pakistani tribal territories.
The impact of all this strife
is a sudden drop in the number of al Qaeda and Taliban terrorists crossing the
border into Afghanistan. Up until a month ago, the number of Islamic terrorists
entering Afghanistan from Pakistan was up at least 50 percent from last year.
These are the guys carrying out the terrorist attacks (especially the suicide
bombings). But now the level of terrorist activity is lower than last year. To
make matters more interesting, the United States has announced that they would
make attacks in the tribal territories if they discovered a terrorist threat,
and the Pakistanis were unwilling or unable to do anything about it. The most
talked about opportunity would be getting a good fix on senior Taliban or al
Qaeda leaders, especially Osama bin Laden.
This has motivated the
Pakistanis to get more aggressive in the tribal territories. All this increased
aggression has increased the violence level on the Pakistani side of the
border, and lowered it on the Afghan side. It's unclear how long this will
last. The Pakistanis don't want a long tribal war, and neither do the tribes.
But the Islamic radicals from the Taliban and al Qaeda have a different agenda,
and will keep fighting.