The Russian Navy's shipbuilding
plans are still mostly plans. For the last seventeen years, most of their
construction effort went into finishing a few subs, and building for export.
Currently building are three SSBNs (the new Borei class, for which the missile
is not quite ready yet), one new SSN (attack sub, that has been building for 15
years now), and one new Amur conventional sub, with two more building. There is
a new class of 4,500 ton frigates (the Gorshkov class), but only one is under
construction and won't be finished for another two years. The Gorshkov's have a
130mm gun, plus anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles. The navy wants at least a
dozen of these 4,500 ton ships, but the money has not been provided yet.
There is one Stereguschyy class corvette in
service, with three more building. These are small ships (2,100 tons
displacement), costing about $125 million each. These "Project 20380" ships have
impressive armament (two 30mm anti-missile cannon, one 100mm cannon, eight
anti-ship missiles, six anti-submarine missiles, two eight cell anti-missile
missile launchers). There is a helicopter platform, but the ship is not
designed to carry one regularly. Crew size, of one hundred officers and
sailors, is achieved by a large degree of automation. The ship also carries air
search and navigation radars. It can cruise 6,500 kilometers on one load of
fuel. Normally, the ship would stay out 7-10 days at a time, unless it received
replenishment at sea. Like the American LCS, the Russian ship is meant for
coastal operations. The navy wants at least fifty of them.
also an amphibious ship under construction, and lots of talk about aircraft
carriers. But until money is allocated, and construction starts, it's all just
the fleet is a collection of aging Cold War ships. This includes about a dozen
SSBNs, two dozen SSN. (nuclear attack subs) and about fifty diesel-electric
boats. There's one aircraft carrier, five cruisers, 17 destroyers, eleven
frigates and about fifty corvettes. There are about twenty amphibious ships
still in service. All these Cold War era ships suffered from years of neglect
during the 1990s, and many are not in the best of shape.